Međunarodni dan dječjih prava - 20. studeni - donosimo stajalište EFPA-e

„Tvoja prava su ono što smiješ raditi i ono što ljudi, koji su odgovorni za tebe moraju napraviti da budeš sretan/na, zdrav/a i siguran/na. Naravno, i ti imaš odgovornost prema drugoj djeci i odraslima, kako bi i oni imali svoja prava.“ - preporuka je Amnesty Internationala kako se djeci mogu objasniti njihova prava. Međunarodni dan dječjih prava obilježava se 20. studenog. „Deklaraciju o pravima djeteta" usvojila je Generalna skupština UN-a 20. studenog 1959. godine, a trideset godina kasnije usvojena je i „Konvencija o pravima djeteta“ (20. studenog 1989. godine). Ove godine obilježava se 25. rođendan Konvencije o pravima djeteta. Organizacije koje se bave ljudskim pravima i slobodama, svake godine potiču na poduzimanje konkretnih koraka u zaštiti i unapređenju dječjih prava s ciljem senzibiliziranja javnosti i ustanova za potrebu zaštite maloljetnika od zlouporabe, nasilja i raznih oblika diskriminacije. Ti će se događaji uklopiti u ovogodišnju međunarodnu akciju pod nazivom „19 dana aktivizma za prevenciju nasilja nad djecom i mladima”.

EFPA  se pridružuje Međunarodnom danu dječjih preava i donosi sljedeće stajališe (prenosimo u izvorniku):

On this Universal Children’s Day, let’s turn the world blue!

On November 20th, countries the world over are celebrating the Universal Children’s Day. This year, the world is going blue to highlight that we care for every single child’s safety in school – safe from every type of harm, safe to explore, pursue, and fulfil their potential.

Psychologists care and can help to #ENDviolence in schools.

For this year’s campaign, UNICEF points to the need to end violence in the schools with the message “Don’t let violence be an everyday lesson.” School is not a safe place for many children who are afraid to go there. Violence in schools can take many forms – bullying, sexual harassment and abuse, physical punishment, online abuse and so many other forms. UNICEF notes that half of the world’s adolescents experience peer violence in the school system. One in three children experience bullying. One in three experience physical fights. Other issues that impede on participation in school relate to access and inequality, that in turn relate to experiencing violence for some children. Events like these are part of everyday reality for many children. Psychological science has provided evidence not only for the numbers, but also for the consequences, both short term and long term, for the children and for the communities and societies they live in. And while they feel inevitable, they are preventable.

Parents, educators, health professionals, governments, civil society activists, community leaders, business and media professionals along with children can and should play a role in making the rights of children relevant to societies, communities, and nations. The celebrations of the Universal Children’s Day make for a starting point to inspire us into advocating, promoting and celebrating children’s rights, to entering dialogue to find solutions, and most importantly to act to improve on the current school environment for children.

The European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations highlights the role of psychologists and psychological science in addressing violence in the schools effectively and efficiently. Psychologists play a significant role in identifying the issues in schools, communities and nations, in showcasing the needs that need to be addressed at all levels. They have the know-how to provide evidence-based solutions that can contribute to the prevention and early intervention for such difficulties thus safeguarding children’s rights. They also have the skills and knowledge to promote the formation of child-friendly environments in schools by contributing to policy. Communities and governments can only benefit from collaborating with psychologists in working together to mitigate the effects of violence in the schools for children and for society.
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Pet, 14. 12. 2018 09:01